Definition: A body of practical guidance to color mixing and the visual impacts of specific color combinations.
Origin: First appeared in Leone Battista Alberti’s writings in 1435, and the notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci in 1490
The color theory is the study of color and its role in art and design. Objects absorb certain wavelengths and reflect others back to the viewer, which is then perceived as a color. A color is described in three ways: by its name, how pure or desaturated it is, and its value or lightness. For example, pink, crimson, and brick are all variations of the color red, with each hue of red being distinct and differentiated by its chroma, saturation, intensity, and value.
Vocab: Chroma- How pure a hue is in relation to gray.
Saturation.- The degree of purity of a hue.
Intensity- The brightness or dullness of a hue. One may lower the intensity by adding white or black
Luminance/ Value- A measure of the amount of light reflected from a hue. Those hues with a high content of white have a higher luminance or value.
Shade- A hue produced by the addition of black.
Tint- A hue produced by the addition of white.
Primary Colors: Colors that are at there most basic essence and cannot be created by mixing others. Red, Blue, and Yellow
Secondary Colors: Colors created by mixing two primary colors. Purple, Orange, and Green.
Tertiary Colors: Colors achieved by a mixture of primary and secondary hues.
BLACK IS THE ABSENCE OF COLOR
WHITE IS THE BLENDING OF ALL COLORS AND IS A COLOR